A fundamental split between theoretical astrophysicists
and plasma physicists/engineers began in
Kristian Birkeland proposed that the Earth's
"Northern Lights" (Aurora Borealis) were powered by a
flow of electrical charges from the Sun. He was
ridiculed for this idea by prominent astronomers such
as Sydney Chapman. In the late 1940's American rockets
that flew through and above the auroras confirmed that
Birkeland was correct. The electrical streams he had
predicted are now called the solar "wind" by
astrophysicists. They are more properly named
calls this Sun-Earth electrical connection a "Flux Rope".
is no 30 kV battery in space, but the Sun does maintain a
higher voltage than the space around it that contains the
planets. This voltage drives those Birkeland Currents that
we now know power the auroras on several planets. Most
cosmic currents are due to the interaction of plasmas and
magnetic fields. When there is relative motion between
plasma and a magnetic field, an electric current is induced
in the plasma.
In 2015 Scott developed and published a
mathematical/physical model that predicts the precise
structure (shape and physical properties) of those Birkeland
Currents as they journey
the 93 million miles from Sun to Earth. That work too
has been derided by pseudo-skeptics, so a major thrust
of this website is to describe the structure of these
"Birkeland Currents". We also present supporting
evidence from recent observations that show this model
correctly predicts several astronomical phenomena that
have long been called "anomalous".
remainder of this page is presently under construction.
When completed, it will describe Scott's work with what
is called the -
Bessel Function Model of a Birkeland Current.
then, the first two Important Papers below describe the
mathematical-physical basis of this work.